Kiev-4 camera manual
This translation based on reference book for the camera of 1959 year of construction. Pictures are scanned from that document. If you find any mistakes in translation please let me know, I do not know English well.
Film frame size — 24x36 mm. Load of 1.6 m film provides 36 shots.
"Kiev-4A" option — 150x81x60 mm
Outward parts of "Kiev-4A"
Preparing for loading
1. Unfasten rear buttons of the case and unscrew a screw at the bottom of the case, then pull the camera out of the case.
3. Shift rear panel 26 slightly towards the bottom of the camera and remove it. During this hold the camera with lens down to avoid cartridge and receiving spool falling out (Fig. 5).
Cartridge loading and assembling
A cartridge consists of two cylinders, one inserted into the other, and a spool for film. The cartridge must be loaded in the full darkness.
Cut film end as shown on Fig. 7 and fasten it in the spool cut as shown on the figure below.
Roll the film tightly turning counter-clockwise the spool by the head. Hold the film by edges to prevent emulsion touching.
Insert the spool with the film into the inner cylinder with the head inside and push the outer cylinder up to the stop (Fig. 8), left outside about 5 cm of the film, then turn the inner cylinder counter-clockwise half way up to lock (Fig. 9). In this position in the middle of the cut the mark "closed" should be seen.
The camera may be loaded in the daylight (better in dim light). To load the camera you should:
At loading cartridge lug should match with body slot, otherwise loading is incorrect and may lead to cartridge breakage. Emulsion side of the film should be turned to lens.
c) Close camera. To do it put rear panel edges into body slots and while you hold film end with left hand thumb insert the rear panel upwards up to stop, turn locks cramps and put them down.
During loading an end of the film exposes. To feed unexposed film to the frame window you need to cock and release the shutter twice. If the camera is loaded correctly the rewind head turns in the direction opposite to the arrow engraved on it while you turn shutter cock head.
d) Set frames counter to "0" by rotating obtrusive disk part as shown on Fig. 12.
e) Set film ISO speed pointer. To do it set in window 11 (see Fig. 1) required ISO number by rotating button of the scale 21. There are engraved numbers on the scale 21 which correspond to black and white film speed in GOST units (very close to ISO) and icons
Shooting process consists of the following operations:
1. To cock the shutter turn its head clockwise one turn up to stop (Fig. 14).
2. To set shutter speed lift up and turn shutter cock head till its black dot matches
At the center of the rangefinder viewing area you can see lighter rectangle. In this rectangle the scene has doubled lines.
If you know the distance to the scene you may focus using distance scale.
It is recommended to shoot without using rangefinder only if aperture size is small. In this case errors of distance estimation by eye is less than depth of field.
For example: f=5 cm lens set to 4 m. At aperture value 8 all objects from 2.5m to 10 m will be sharp (Fig. 19).
5. To do viewfinding you should look through ocular during focusing. In ocular you can see 100% of the scene seen by film.
6. To release the shutter (Fig. 20) press button 4 (Fig. 1).
To get long exposure shutter release button may be fixed as pressed by turning it counter-clockwise up to stop (Fig. 21).
To avoid blur images it is recommnded to shoot with exposures longer than
The shutter can be released automatically using self-timer (Fig. 23).
"B" shutter speed when you use self-timer is about 1 to 3 seconds (it is recommended to check its value before using camera).
To unload exposured film from the camera rewind it back into the cartridge. To do it close the lens with a lens cap, press film transporter release buttom 22 up to stop (Fig. 2) and turn the rewind head 11 (Fig. 1) in the direction shown by the arrow (Fig. 24).
After rewinding remove the rear panel, extract the cartridge and release film end
"Kiev-4" camera differs from the "Kiev-4A" by a photoelectic light meter placed at the top
"Kiev-4" view shown on Fig. B.
To define shutter speed you should:
Example of exposure finding
The photoelectric exposure meter is the precise and complex device and requires especially careful usage.
Using with flashes
"Kiev-4A" and "Kiev-4" cameras have flash synchronizers for flashes both one-time and rechargeable which have the appropriate plug.
Wheh the shutter is not cocked electric contacts of the camera are shorted and when shutter is cocked they are broken. So, if you use the flash you should cock the shutter just after shutter release.
Use flashes as described in instructions supplied with flashes.
"Kiev" camera has the following additional lens:
These lenses can be set on camera mount instead of the standard lens. The standard lenses "Jupiter-8M" and the"Jupiter-3" are set on the inner mount, and all others —
Lenses "Jupiter-11" , "Jupiter-9" and "Jupiter-12" have their own scales of distance, DOF and aperture.
Before "Jupiter-9", "Jupiter-11" or "Jupiter-12" lens mounting remove lens rear dust cap then put the lens on the outer mount ring (Fig. 29) so that the red dot on the lens ring is opposite the red dot on the front panel of the camera and turn it counter-clockwise to fasten.
If the lens mounted properly the disk 5 (Fig. 1) rotates when you turn the lens focusing ring.
Use the camera rangefinder for focusing, however, to reduce the rangefinder gear load rotate the lens focusing ring instead of the disk 5 (Fig. 1).
1. Store the camera in dry place and avoid dust, dirt and moisture.
What to read about "Kiev-4" camera
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